Prompt: India's second tallest air traffic control tower with a height of 87.5 m after Delhi Airport (101.9 m) stands in a section of the parking area opposite terminal 1B. The triangular three-dimensional structure with soft vertices that won the Hong Kong Building Information Modelling Award for the year 2009, has six storeys commencing from 62.1 m. The tower was inaugurated on 18 October 2013 and took over operations on 1 January 2014. From the new tower, air traffic controllers are able to see 8 km beyond the thresholds of both runways. The tower and its associated technical block and mechanical plant building cover a total of 2,884 m2. The cost of the fully equipped tower is estimated at ₹4 billion.
Prompt: The White Tower, not including its projecting corner towers, measures 36 by 32 metres (118 by 105 ft) at the base, and is 27 m (90 ft) high at the southern battlements. The structure was originally three storeys high, comprising a basement floor, an entrance level, and an upper floor. The entrance, as is usual in Norman keeps, was above ground, in this case on the south face, and accessed via a wooden staircase which could be removed in the event of an attack. It was probably during Henry II's reign (1154–1189) that a forebuilding was added to the south side of the tower to provide extra defences to the entrance, but it has not survived. Each floor was divided into three chambers, the largest in the west, a smaller room in the north-east, and the chapel taking up the entrance and upper floors of the south-east. At the western corners of the building are square towers, while to the north-east a round tower houses a spiral staircase. At the south-east corner there is a larger semi-circular projection which accommodates the apse of the chapel. As the building was intended to be a comfortable residence as well as a stronghold, latrines were built into the walls, and four fireplac
Prompt: The main characteristic of HSBC's Hong Kong headquarters is its absence of internal supporting structure. The inverted 'va' segments of the suspension trusses spanning the construction at double-height levels is the most obvious characteristic of the building. It consists of eight groups of four aluminium-clad steel columns which ascend from the foundations up through the core structure, and five levels of triangular suspension trusses which are locked into these masts. All flooring is made from lightweight movable panels, under which lies a comprehensive network of power, telecommunication, and air-conditioning systems. This design was to allow equipment such as computer terminals to be installed quickly and easily. Because of the urgency to finish the project, the construction of the building relied heavily on off-site prefabrication; components were manufactured all over the world. For example, the structural steel came from Britain; the glass, aluminium cladding and flooring came from the United States while the service modules came from Japan.
Prompt: The revolution in materials came first, with the use of cast iron, drywall, plate glass, and reinforced concrete, to build structures that were stronger, lighter, and taller. The cast plate glass process was invented in 1848, allowing the manufacture of very large windows. The Crystal Palace by Joseph Paxton at the Great Exhibition of 1851 was an early example of iron and plate glass construction, followed in 1864 by the first glass and metal curtain wall. These developments together led to the first steel-framed skyscraper, the ten-story Home Insurance Building in Chicago, built in 1884 by William Le Baron Jenney. The iron frame construction of the Eiffel Tower, then the tallest structure in the world, captured the imagination of millions of visitors to the 1889 Paris Universal Exposition.
Prompt: Juxtaposing City and Nature is unproductive. Allowing for their mutually-reinforcing coexistence makes better sense. Trailblazers across the world are testing new concepts of integrating nature in the urban fabric so that natural and man-made systems could merge and cooperate. Just a few ongoing projects: XTU architects with scientists and manufacturers develop a facade system that incorporates the production of one of the most valuable raw materials, microalgae, while enabling passive climate control inside the building. New types of concrete support the growth of plants, transforming buildings into air purifiers. Breathe.austria deploys a 560m2 'augmented forest' to lower interior temperature by 5-7°C and produce as much oxygen as some 3 ha of a regular forest. Architect Ferdinand Ludwig is testing the use of living trees as structural supports. Let’s look into the new architecture that results from this approach, and see how nature/architecture hybrids can reshape our cities.
Prompt: Berlin Modernism Housing Estates. The property consists of six housing estates that testify to innovative housing policies from 1910 to 1933, especially during the Weimar Republic, when the city of Berlin was particularly progressive socially, politically and culturally. The property is an outstanding example of the building reform movement that contributed to improving housing and living conditions for people with low incomes through novel approaches to town planning, architecture and garden design. The estates also provide exceptional examples of new urban and architectural typologies, featuring fresh design solutions, as well as technical and aesthetic innovations. Bruno Taut, Martin Wagner and Walter Gropius were among the leading architects of these projects which exercised considerable influence on the development of housing around the world.
Prompt: The centre of the building is constructed from a grid of concrete pillars, 14 m (46 ft) apart, supporting cantilevered concrete slab floors. The curtain wall exterior is clad in panels of dark smoked glass. The use of dark glass, a curtain wall and lack of right angle corners mirrors the art deco Express Building in Manchester, cited by Norman Foster as one of his favourite buildings and a design influence. The central escalator well leads up to a rooftop staff restaurant surrounded by a rooftop garden (360 panorama).
Prompt: Run Run Shaw Creative Media Centre is an academic building on the campus of the City University of Hong Kong, which was completed in 2011. It was designed by Daniel Libeskind cooperating with Leigh and Orange Ltd., and received several awards on its design. It was funded with a donation of HK$100 million from the Shaw Foundation and is named after Run Run Shaw. The building houses the university's School of Creative Media, the Centre for Applied Computing and Interactive Media and the computer science, media and communication, and English departments.
Prompt: The Chubu Electric MIRAI TOWER (中部電力 MIRAI TOWER, Chūbu Denryoku Mirai Tawā) (formerly but still referred to as the Nagoya TV Tower (名古屋テレビ塔, Nagoya Terebi-tō)) is a TV tower in Nagoya, central Japan.